Socio-economic Consequences of Arsenic Contamination
Socio-economic Consequences of Arsenic Contamination Problem in Bangladesh
|Supervisor:||Dr. Md. Amir Hossain|
Arsenic contamination of groundwater is a natural occurring high concentration of arsenic in groundwater. Consuming water contaminated by arsenic can cause skin, bladder, cardiovascular diseases. It also causes widespread social and psychological problems. Income loss is one of the most important consequences of arsenic contamination problem. This thesis analyses the dominant determinants responsible for social, economic and health problems faced by the arsenicosis patients due to chronic arsenic poisoning. In this study, cross-sectional data were collected from the Kalaroa Upazila of Satkhira district and Sharsha Upazila of Jessore district which are known to be highly contaminated with arsenic in ground water. We adopted both binary and multinomial logistic regression to see the effects of socio-economic and demographic factors on social, economic and health problems. Respondents informed that arsenic poisoning causes a wide range of social and psychological problems. Respondents with less years of schooling were more vulnerable in the case of social problem. Patients whose health condition were deteriorated badly, they were maltreated extremely in the society. Economic loss to individuals, families and the nation- due to arsenicosis - is huge. Arsenicosis adversely a ects the household income and consumption pattern. The physical di culties attributable to the declining income include: inability to work due to physical weakness, loss of appetite, sleeplessness, body pain and itching, sore in legs, headaches, dizziness. Awareness creating activity through GOs and NGOs is needed to give a clear understanding of people's perception about arsenic exposure for abating the health burden as well as social and psychological problems.